Tuesday, September 22, 2009
Thursday, July 09, 2009
I realize I'm a bit late, but here are some Independence Day thoughts:
Here are some questions about the American Revolution for which you may find you have no good answer:
One: why do the American loyalists share a nickname with a British political party? Is this just a coincidence, or does it imply some kind of weird alliance? And what is on the other side of said alliance? If the loyalists are called Tories, why does no one call the Patriots Whigs?
Two: what on earth is the British strategy? Why do the redcoats seem to be spending so much time just hanging around in New York or Philadelphia? Valley Forge is literally twenty miles from Philly. Okay, I realize, it's winter. But come on, it's twenty miles. General Washington is starving in the snow out there. His troops are deserting by the score. And Lord Howe can't send a couple of guys with muskets to go bring him in? Heck, it sounds like a well-phrased dinner invitation would probably have done the trick.
Three: if the Stamp Act was such an intolerable abuse, how did the British Empire have all these other colonies — Canada, Australia, yadda yadda — where everyone was so meek? Surely we can understand the idea that taxation without representation was the first step toward tyranny. So where is the tyranny? Where are Her Majesty's concentration camps? Okay, there was the Boer War, I guess. But more generally, why is the history of America so different from that of the other colonies?
Four: why does no one outside America seem to resent these unfortunate events at all? I mean, the Revolution was a war. People got pretty violent on both sides. In some parts of the world, when people lose a war, they don't feel that it was just God's will. They feel that God would be much more satisfied if there was some payback. And they tend to transmit this belief to their offspring. In the American unpleasantness, a lot of people — loyalists — got kicked out of their homes. They had to leave with only a small travel bag. When this sort of thing happens in the Middle East, it's remembered for the life of the known universe.
Still with me? Read more.
And now? Maybe you are ready for the reactionary world of Mencius Moldbug.
Jack Hough argues that the four-year college degree isn't worth the trouble anymore, and that colleges don't do a good job of teaching anymore.
A more inclusive four-year degree isn't the answer; the degree itself often obstructs learning. Consider the laid-off sales clerk who wishes to pursue a college education in hopes of finding a better job. If he wants to go to a name-brand school he must study for and take an admissions test and apply. He must also file a financial-aid application as long and complex as a tax return. He then must wait and cross his fingers. If accepted by the school, he must wait again for the right part of the academic calendar to come around and hope that the classes he wants aren't full. Suppose all goes well. He'll be sitting in front of a teacher a good 18 months after first deciding to learn. What folly.
As I write this, Google is putting every book ever written online. Apple is offering video college lectures for free download through its iTunes software. Skype allows free videoconferencing anywhere in the world. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology and many other schools have made course materials available for free on their Web sites. Tutors cost as little as $15 an hour. Today's student who decides to learn at 1 a.m. should be doing it by 1:30. A process that makes him wait 18 months is not an education system. It's a barrier to education.
He argues that degrees should be replaced with certified transcripts that basically summarize the subjects in which one has demonstrated proficiency by passing something like the AP test.
I can only guess what this knowledge transcript would look like -- something like a résumé or credit report, perhaps. I picture a scrawny tree drawn on a page, with the branches representing the fields of learning and the student tasked with extending them. Perhaps vocational certificates would be listed, too. Maybe, once the tree reached a prescribed fatness, we'd call the student a bachelor of arts. But employers could select whatever tree shapes suited them, and college would no longer be a degree-or-nothing affair. Learning would be available everywhere and at a moment's notice, and would be rewarded right away.
This knowledge transcript would care nothing about where a student had learned, how much he spent or how long he took. It wouldn't care whether he was 12 or 60 when he proved he knew algebra or how many times he failed before succeeding, or whether he knew important people. Employers would have better proof of what students knew. Policymakers, too. Students wouldn't pile on debt. They wouldn't be misled by a college degree into believing they knew more than they did. They'd become true stewards of their own lifelong education.
Universities, I'm guessing, would look much the same. Students would always want to go on long learning sabbaticals at places with top teachers and well-appointed classrooms, and to be around like-minded people for collaboration, sports, fellowship and, not nearly least, mating. But schools would have to truly compete on price and teaching excellence. They'd no longer be able to charge students high prices just because of their ability to confer on them high pay. They'd teach as many students as would learn, since doing so would strengthen their brands, not dilute them.
Friday, June 19, 2009
Best Golden Child reference EVAR
Apparently one of these kids who was chosen as a reincarnated lama grew up and decided to ditch it:
"As a toddler, he was put on a throne and worshipped by monks who treated him like a god. But the boy chosen by the Dalai Lama as a reincarnation of a spiritual leader has caused consternation -- and some embarrassment -- for Tibetan Buddhists by turning his back on the order that had such high hopes for him.Instead of leading a monastic life, Osel Hita Torres now sports baggy trousers and long hair, and is more likely to quote Jimi Hendrix than Buddha.Yesterday he bemoaned the misery of a youth deprived of television, football and girls. Movies were also forbidden -- except for a sanctioned screening of The Golden Child starring Eddie Murphy, about a kidnapped child lama with magical powers. "I never felt like that boy," he said."
Jesse Walker's take is the best part:
"The guy is studying film, so it should occur to him after a while that his story requires him to go home in the third act. The script writes itself: The rock'n'roll lama is welcomed warmly but shocks the square Buddhists with his westernized ways; in the end he learns the value of spiritual practice as he teaches the uptight monks to get down. I'm seeing Justin Timberlake in the lead, with Richard Gere as the expatriate American who helps Torres find himself and Eddie Murphy as the voice of the wisecracking donkey."
Have you heard of Wolfram Alpha? It's not a superhero duo, but it's still of high interest to nerd-types. Check it out if you're the kind of person who'd be interested in a computational knowledge engine.
Man with a great-great-great grandchild
For some reason, I've been wondering lately if anybody lived to see children beyond great-great grandchildren. Apparently, you can. A British man is now the world's oldest man, at 113 years old. He's a WWI veteran and a founding member of the Royal Air Force. According to Reuters, "Allingham's life has spanned three centuries and six monarchs, starting with Queen Victoria. He has five grandchildren, 12 great-grandchildren, 14 great-great grandchildren and one great-great-great grandchild." I tried to link the photo, but had trouble. Here's the link to the story, but trust me, he's old-looking. He looks a bit like the Emperor.
Friday, May 29, 2009
Freaky Friday science links
Scientists have altered mouse communication by giving them the human version of a gene called FOXP2. FOXP2 is required for human speech. The chimp version of the FOXP2 protein differs from the human version by only two amino acids. The mouse version differs by only three amino acids. Normal mouse pups call for their mother with a high-pitched squeak. Pups with the human version of FOXP2 said, “Gimme some cheese.” Well, they actually squeaked at a lower pitch. Still kinda cool. Whole NY Times article here.
Stem cell breakthrough. Scientists at Harvard have reprogrammed human skin cells to become pluripotent stem cells by exposing the cells to four proteins. They used these cells to culture a variety of adult tissue types. These cells appear to have the same developmental potential as embryonic stem cells, and can be made without destroying human embryos. Plus, they offer the potential for patient-specific cell lines. This was a significant improvement over a previous method that used viruses to turn adult cells into stem cells. Yeah, it sounds scary. I wonder if you could inject someone with that virus and turn him into Benjamin Button. Anyway, we're still a long ways from any potential therapies from this stuff. Whole Reuters article here.
Saturday, August 02, 2008
Thursday, July 31, 2008
10 things to not worry about
Read this refreshing article to find out why you don't have to be concerned about these ten things:
1. Killer hot dogs.
2. Your car’s planet-destroying A/C.
3. Forbidden fruits from afar.
4. Carcinogenic cellphones.
5. Evil plastic bags.
6. Toxic plastic bottles.
7. Deadly sharks.
8. The Arctic’s missing ice.
9. The universe’s missing mass.
10. Unmarked wormholes.
Tuesday, July 29, 2008
Awesome story of the day
Two German police officers responding to a complaint about loud party noise on Saturday night were met with cheers and applause from the guests who mistook them for male strippers.
“A young woman was giving a party and there seems to have been some confusion initially because the partygoers thought the two officers were a strip act,” a spokesman for the police in the south-western town of Simmern told SPIEGEL ONLINE on Monday.
Male strippers often dress as policemen and the line “We’ve been called to investigate a disturbance” can serve as a cue for them to discard their uniforms and perform an erotic dance.
Not this time though. “The misunderstanding was swiftly resolved and calm was restored,” the spokesman said. “And there was no theft of any parts of the uniforms.”
Monday, July 28, 2008
Want to become Batman?
Scientific American interviews a kinesiologist to find out what it would take to become the Dark Knight.
What have comic books and movies told us about Batman's physical
There's a quote from Neal Adams, the great Batman illustrator, who said Batman would win, place or show in every event in the Olympics. Probably if I were Batman's handler, I'd put him in the decathlon. Although Batman is shown in the comics as being the fastest and the strongest and all these other things, in reality you can't actually be all of that at once. To be Batman properly, what you really need to do is be exceptionally good at many different things. It's when you take all the pieces and put them together that you get the Batman.
What's most plausible about portrayals of Batman's skills?
You could train somebody to be a tremendous athlete and to have a significant martial arts background, and also to use some of the gear that he has, which requires a lot of physical prowess. Most of what you see there is feasible to the extent that somebody could be trained to that extreme. We're seeing that kind of thing in less than a month in the Olympics.
What's less realistic?
A great example is in the movies where Batman is fighting multiple opponents and
all of a sudden he's taking on 10 people. If you just estimate how fast somebody could punch and kick, and how many times you could hit one person in a second, you wind up with numbers like five or six. This doesn't mean you could fight four or five people. But it's also hard for four or five people to simultaneously attack somebody, because they get in each other's way. More realistic is a couple of attackers.
How long would Bruce Wayne have to train to become Batman?
In some of the timelines you see in the comics, the backstory is he goes away for five years—some it's three to five years, or eight years, or 12 years. In terms of the physical changes (strength and conditioning), that's happening fairly quickly. We're talking three to five years. In terms of the physical skills to be able to defend himself against all these opponents all the time, I would benchmark that at 10 to 12 years. Probably the most reality-based representation of Batman and his training was in Batman Begins.
Tuesday, July 15, 2008
Time Magazine thinks Libertarians are not lunatics!
This Time article is mostly about Bob Barr's bid for president. Will average Americans start thinking seriously about the fact that both major parties represent an increasingly expanding version of Leviathan? Probably not. Will the LP shave enough votes off of McCain in the Mountain West to hurt him in the November election? Maybe. Will this lead the Republican Party to pay more attention to its limited government wing? Who knows?
It's tempting to think of Libertarianism as nothing more than old-school Republicanism, but it's always been partially left-wing, drawing from a long history of American anarchism. The modern challenge is to unite those two wings--or, as magician (and stalwart Libertarian) Penn Jillette told me, "Convince the dope guys that the gun guys are O.K., and vice versa." And many Libertarians believe the time is now. It helps that the U.S. has been throttled for a century by two parties whose core differences are narrowing. The current general election has seemed at times a contest about who can crib off the other party's platform more, from McCain's enthusiasm for using government to fight global warming to Obama's hedging on warrantless wiretapping. For an electorate having a harder time distinguishing Coke from Pepsi, there's a thirst for something--anything--new.
I wouldn't link to a video for a science product if it wasn't worth it.
Wednesday, July 02, 2008
No Yuengling in Ohio
My friend Dan forwarded me a story on the lack of Yuengling in Ohio. Parts of the article dealing with cult beers are interesting. The parts about Barack Obama drinking it are not. Here's what really caught my eye:
It's brewed in Pottsville, Pa., at America's oldest brewery. The name is pronounced "Ying-Ling," the locals shorten it to "Ying," and it means "young man" in German.
Ying is a good beer that recently received a "Hot Brand" award. Partly because you can't get it everywhere, it's achieved cult status. Even with the addition of a former Stroh's brewery in Tampa, it's only available in 10 states, Ohio not among them.
"Ying"?! WTF? It's lager, Ohioans.
Monday, June 16, 2008
Tpotdomescandal for Harding
Perhaps you would suspect that, given my pseudonym, I would be among the many who consider Warren G. Harding among our worst presidents. In fact, I usually view rankings of presidents as if they were written backwards, and am more critical of acclaimed presidents who are praised for their "leadership," which usually seems associated with war, expansion of the state, and erosion of civil liberties (by this standard, it's hard to see how W won't end up near the top some day). Here's a nice post by Ilya Somin at the Volokh Conspiracy on the good things Harding brought to the White House:
If I had to name the most underrated president in American history, Warren Harding would be at or near the top of my list. Harding is routinely ranked at or near the bottom in presidential ratings by historians and other experts.
In Sunday's New York Times, Yale historian Beverly Gage has an interesting article suggesting that Harding may have been the first "black" president in the sense that it is possible that he had a remote black ancestor.
Unfortunately, Gage's article about Harding and race relations completely ignores the fact that Harding made a well-known speech advocating full legal equality for southern blacks in 1921, in Birmingham, Alabama. As W.E.B. DuBois pointed out at the time, Harding went farther in advocating equal rights for blacks than any other post-Reconstruction Republican president (the Democrats, at that time the party of southern whites, were even worse). Indeed, no president went as far as Harding in advocating equal rights for southern blacks for several decades thereafter. Harding also lobbied hard for a federal anti-lynching bill to curb the rampant lynching of blacks by whites in the South - again, the first post-Reconstruction president to do so (the bill passed the House, but died in the Senate due to the threat of Democratic filibusters).
As DuBois pointed out in the linked article, Harding was not wholly free of the racism common among whites at the time. But he was a lot better than the vast majority of his contemporaries.
Nor were these Harding's only positive aspects. As Gene Healy discusses in his interesting recent book, The Cult of the Presidency, Harding is also notable for reversing the severe violations of civil and economic liberties that had proliferated under his predecessor Woodrow Wilson. It's easy to belittle Harding's campaign slogan - "Return to Normalcy." But Harding's notion of "normalcy" included an end to the imprisonment of political dissenters (such as Wilson's notorious "Palmer Raids"), abolition of wage and price controls, and the reversal of Wilson's numerous illegal seizures of private property. As David Bernstein and I briefly discuss in this article, Wilson's administration was also highly racist and segregationist even by the standards of the day; here too, Harding was a sharp contrast.
I'm not arguing that Harding was a great president. His administration included some serious corruption (such as the famous Tea Pot Dome Scandal), and his intellectual and political skills were not especially impressive. And, as with most politicians, his successes were to a large extent the product of broader political trends, not just his personal efforts. However, Harding's achievements in ending Wilson's harmful policies and his laudable efforts on behalf of civil rights greatly outweigh the relatively limited harm caused by his corrupt underlings. And, by all accounts, Harding himself was clean (though many of his appointees definitely weren't).
Harding will never be ranked among the top few presidents. But he deserves much greater respect than he gets.
Sunday, June 15, 2008
Saddest Picture on the Internet
Click here to see it, if you dare.
Friday, June 13, 2008
They must be crafted by gummi artisans who work exclusively in the medium of gummi. Sounds cute. What could go wrong?
Tuesday, June 10, 2008
Submitted without comment
From GQ's profile of Meghan McCain, daughter of Republican presidential hopeful John McCain:
Meghan confesses that her real love life hasn’t been especially active lately. She’s gone on only one official date since her dad’s campaign began, but she bowed out early with a “headache.” Then there was also the rumor that she’d been seen with—horrors—a Ron Paul supporter.
“That has been blown out of proportion in every way!” she exclaims. “What happened is that I dropped my coffee and he helped me with it and was like, ‘Do you want to go to Baja Fresh?’… Not that I would be against dating a Ron Paul supporter, but he turned out to be very strange. He collected Barbie dolls. I called my girlfriends after and was like, ‘That’s weird, right?’ ”
Monday, June 09, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
Of course it’s The Simpsons. I’ve had entire conversations that consisted of Simpsons quotes and allusions. I made a t-shirt with a hand-drawing of Chief Wiggum, featuring quotes such as, “Oh my God! Somebody’s taken a bite out of the giant rice krispie square!” I went to a taping of Late Night with Conan O’Brien because I was a fan of his work as a writer during the glory days of The Simpsons. The Simpsons had it all: the dizzying highs, the terrifying lows, the creamy middles. The Simpsons taught us a lot about life: “A woman is a lot like a refrigerator. Six feet tall, 300 pounds, makes ice. Actually, a woman is more like a beer. She looks good. She smells good. You’d step over your own mother to get one. And once you have one woman you can’t stop. You gotta have another woman, and another… gulp gulp gulp.”
One thing I like to point out about The Simpsons is the surprising pervasiveness of religion. Really I think that it is one of the underappreciated reasons the show is such a unique look at family in America, which is a uniquely religious country. Characters pray regularly. They go to church. Lisa converted to Buddhism. The conservative Christian neighbors, the Flanders, are major characters. There was a whole show devoted to Bart’s soul. God and the Devil have made multiple appearances. We’ve seen heaven (Ben Franklin and Jimi Hendrix playing ping-pong), and hell (an unsuccessful attempt to overfeed Homer with doughnuts in the ironic punishment division). Krusty’s Judaism and Apu’s Hinduism have been featured. There was an episode in which Bart and Homer briefly were Catholics. The Flanders are an interesting case in themselves. Frankly, they may be the most sympathetic portrayal of evangelical Christians in popular culture. Yes, they are portrayed as odd, and are often the brunt of jokes, but so is everyone else on the Simpsons. In most popular portrayals of conservative Christians, they must be shown to be intolerant, or hypocrites, or secret sinners, or just plain the Bad Guys. The Flanders are portrayed as earnest righteous people who really would give you their shirts after you stole their coats.
While The Simpsons has been criticized by morons in the media as crass and base, it’s actually intelligent and warm. I get a little choked up at the end of “And Maggie Makes Three,” when we see all the pictures of Maggie covering letters to turn “Don’t forget, you’re here forever” to “Do it for her.” I could give other examples, but I don’t want anyone to think I’m a wuss.
The Simpsons doesn’t really have an anti-government message, but they do as good a job criticizing government as anybody. Joe Quimby, a walking catchall parody of local government, Democrats, and Kennedys, is summarized by Birch Barlow, himself a parody of conservative talk radio: “our six-term mayor - the illiterate, tax-cheating, wife-swapping, pot-smoking spendocrat: Diamond Joe Quimby.”
I defy you to find a sport not featured in The Simpsons. Jai alai is a good guess, but Homer references betting on Jai alai in the Caiman Islands after discovering the internet.
Tuesday, June 03, 2008
The Road to Hell Is Paved with Nationalized Cement
Would anyone who still thinks socialism is a good idea please pay attention to what's happening in Venezuela right now? Hugo Chavez is doing everything in his (expanding) power to run that country into the ground, and is on course to accomplish this feat in record time.
Choosing to remain shockingly ignorant about what causes inflation, Chavez decided to address the nation's recent 29% surge in consumer prices by raising the average public worker's wage by thirty percent. Ho ho! How clever, Señor Presidente! Why didn't anyone think of this sooner? When the water rises, you just throw out more ice for the people to float on. Never mind if it melts later, there's plenty more ice where that came from (i.e., windfall taxes).
Why the sudden boost in bread for the masses? Perhaps it has something to do with Chavez and his Socialist colleagues seeking more power in November's elections. Remember that just last year, the majority of voters said "no" to Chavez's attempt to remove a constitutional limit on his terms as president. Further electoral setbacks could diminish his support among the governors of Venezuela's 23 states.
Chavez's economic policies, such as they are, have ruined what once was a period of economic growth spurred by foreign oil investment in Venezuela. The oil-rich nation's government has alienated those same investors by nationalizing oil fields and placing progressive windfall taxes on oil based upon its current revenue (e.g., 60% at $110 or more per barrel).
Any company who complains, as Exxon-Mobil has in a $12 billion lawsuit, is immediately labeled a "corporate terrorist." Rather than deal with such headaches, investors are taking their money elsewhere, and Venezuela's GDP is expected to be just over half of what it was only two years ago.
The latest outrage from Venezuela's dictator is positively Bushian in its sheer moxie: A new law proposed by Chavez that would imprison those refusing to cooperate with state intelligence agencies and secret police, as well as warrant-less wiretapping and the ability to detain anyone under suspicion without proper legal representation. Sound familiar, civil libertarians?
Chavez in pre-election cash spree [BBC News]
Venezuela 'spy' law draws protest [BBC News]
(Chavez supporter photo via AP; Exxon flyer photo via AFP)
Wednesday, May 28, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
“He took it out.” “Not that there’s anything wrong with that.” “She’s a low-talker.” “Puffy shirt.” “I’m a marine biologist.” “The second spitter.” Everybody knows what these quotes mean, because Seinfeld produced some of the most memorable, and finniest lines, scenes, and characters in sitcom history. Two things really stand out about the success of Seinfeld. First, I was among many people who watched the show nearly every week while it was on. Occupying the prime Thursday night spot, Seinfeld was a shared community experience, and it earned it. Second, one can still enjoy watching just about any episode on syndication. If you want, you can probably watch two or three reruns every day. I still probably watch Seinfeld four or five times a week. The staying power is remarkable. Anyway, there’s not much more I can add to what’s already been said about a remarkable show about nothing starring an actor who couldn’t act. I don’t need to, because I know you love Seinfeld, too.
Wednesday, May 21, 2008
Do we need public finance of science?
As a scientist who wants to see the size of government reduced, I have maintained that we can and should cut public investment in science, as long as we cut almost everything else first. A new book, provocatively titled Sex, Science and Profits: How people evolved to make money, argues that public finance of science has been unnecessary in fueling technological progress and development, and that the government may be doing more harm than good (color me shocked!). Ron Bailey reviews:
Does government funding of scientific research speed technological progress and spur economic growth?
…in nearly every case the crucial inventions of the past two and half centuries were called forth by markets, not invented by scientists working from ivory towers. These include the steam engine, cotton gin, textile mills, railroad engines, the revolver, the
electric motor, telegraph, telephone, incandescent light bulb, radio, the airplane—the list is nearly endless.
The story of the airplane is instructive. After the Spanish-American War, the federal government supplied a grant of $73,000 to the director of the Smithsonian Institution, Samuel Pierpont Langley to develop heavier-than-air craft. All six of Langley's prototypes crashed, the last one on October 7, 1903. Two months later, Ohio bicycle mechanics, Orville and Wilbur Wright, launched their first successful flight at Kitty Hawk, N.C. Their R&D budget? About $1,000.
…government funded civilian research didn't appear to hurt the private sector but there was not much evidence that it helped, at least in the short term. The report concluded, "Research and development (R&D) activities undertaken by the business sector seem to have high social returns, while no clear-cut relationship could be established between non-business-oriented R&D activities and growth." Economic growth associated with R&D was linked almost entirely to private sector research
funding. The OECD report did allow that perhaps publicly funded research might eventually result in long-term technology spillovers, but that contention was hard to evaluate. The 2003 OECD study also noted, "Taken at face value they suggest publicly-performed R&D crowds out resources that could be alternatively used by the private sector, including private R&D."
A 1995 analysis done by American University economist Walter Parker also finds that government funding crowds out private research. "Once private research is
explicitly controlled for, the direct effect of public research is weakly negative, as might be the case if public research has crowding-out effects which adversely affect private output growth," concludes Parker. Weakly negative? Government funding may retard technological progress? Is it possible that the funding for NASA has
crowded out private space transport research and development? Or more currently, that private companies are not investing in carbon capture and sequestration research as a way to mitigate man-made global warming because they are waiting
for the federal government to fund such research?
Tuesday, May 20, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
I actually became a fan of the Sopranos late in the game. Despite all I heard about HBO’s groundbreaking series, I was reluctant to watch. I am no fan of the mobster genre, and am normally turned off by the glamorization of the lifestyle that occurs in works of fiction such as The Godfather. Then I finally watched the first episode and was blown away. To me the show wasn’t just about the Mob, but used the drama of a Mob kingpin’s family to examine the trials and tribulations of modern suburban living in America. I was hooked right away, and The Sopranos became must-see TV.
The Sopranos certainly did not glamorize the Mafia lifestyle. While we certainly rooted for Tony as the protagonist in sometimes complex ways, it was hard to view him as heroic in any way. Contrast him with Michael Corleone: “Just when I think I’m out, they pull me back in.” Tony is never presented as a noble figure who is cast in the role of Mob boss through a series of unavoidable circumstances. Instead, you watch how every breath of his miserable life is consumed with petty sin and violence. He steals from everybody. He is capable of violence for any reason at any time. He lies and prevaricates and rationalizes constantly. His sex scenes were always ugly, and never titillating. Of course, he was still a good protagonist because he seemed like the best of a bad lot. All of the other characters were pathetic, psycho, proud, unstable, or a combination of the above.
Of course, I have to talk about the final episode. My first reaction was ambivalent. I didn’t think it was great, I didn’t hate it, and I didn’t feel too strongly about it. In the next few days, I realized what a genius move David Chase had done. While indulging my bad habit of listening to sports talk radio, I notice that the idiots who call sports talk radio almost all hated the ending. It occurred to me that anything that pisses off idiots this much had to have something going for it. Now don’t get me wrong, I’m not saying that if you disliked the final episode that you are an idiot, I’m just saying that if you are an idiot, the final episode apparently made you apoplectic. There’s just something to be said for that. Plus I like how nobody gets off the hook. We enjoyed watching the contemptible antics of Tony Soprano for eight years. We were not allowed to purify our souls by enjoying watching him get his final comeuppance.
Friday, May 16, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
With just two seasons in the books, Dexter is already a heavyweight in my mind. It’s a Showtime series about a man, Dexter Morgan (Michael C. Hall) who is a forensic investigator by day and a serial killer by night. The first season was the best thing I’d seen on TV since the first season of The Sopranos. The show is typical of contemporary high-minded dramas in that the storylines involve several characters interacting and moving parallel to each other over the course of several episodes. At the same time, each episode normally succeeds in telling an interesting story in itself.
Since the protagonist is a sadistic murderer, the viewer is definitely dealing with some moral gray areas. The show succeeds in dealing with this in a few ways. First, you’re definitely rooting for Dexter, even if you feel uncomfortable about it at times. Second, it doesn’t devolve into merely a creepy vigilante drama; the moral ambiguity is maintained. Finally, the show itself doesn’t celebrate depravity, or ask the viewers to feel either comfortable with evil or desensitized.
Dexter also happens to be great popcorn TV. The show is scary, suspenseful, mysterious, and sometimes wickedly funny. Hall gives a performance for the ages. His character is constantly lying and scheming and full of rage, and Hall masterfully uses facial expressions and body language to convey Dexter's often subtle, sometimes outrageous, and constantly changing emotional states.
Dexter’s relationships with his foster father and sister are major plot features, but I’ll avoid spoilers here, as the show is current, and I’m kind of one of its evangelists. Dexter and his colleagues are definitely known to down some beers at the bowling alley.
Wednesday, May 14, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
The show started out as a quirky sci-fi drama that appealed mainly to quirky fans of the paranormal like myself, but it became much more. As the production values and writing improved, the show weaved together a grand plot of alien visitors and government cover-ups while delivering a new monster mystery every week. The show really became great when 1) the relationship between FBI special agents Mulder (David Duchovny) and Scully (Gillian Anderson) became one of TV’s classic unfulfilled sexual tension stories and 2) the episodes included more humor and irony while still bringing some of the best horror and suspense to primetime TV. Also, Scully definitely had great “nerd sex appeal” for a while. At its peak, The X-Files was my favorite show, but the downer final seasons in which Duchovny and Anderson were replaced with scabs were dreadful.
Skepticism of the government was a huge theme, as they were literally the bad guys in many episodes (Trust No One!). The stereotype of the smoking villain was a major topic. The Mulder family was an important theme with Fox’s obsessive pursuit of his abducted sister, and the implications of a Luke Skywalker/Darth Vader thing going on between Fox and the Cigarette-Smoking-Man. Spirituality wasn’t an overriding theme, but angels, devils, and stigmata made their appearances, along with Scully’s Catholicism. Even sports came up more often than you’d think. One of my favorite episodes explored race and alienation in the form of a Negro League team called the Grays that had a secret alien on it.
More on farming
In addition to ending farm subsidies, I think we can all agree with these propositions from Joel Salatin, the self-proclaimed “Christian-conservative-libertarian-environmentalist-lunatic.”
1. Make and sell ready-to-eat foods on the farm: “Virginia just legalized homemade jams and jellies to sell. As ridiculous as that sounds, that’s a pretty important shot across the bow.”
2. Sell raw milk and other dairy products: “Officialdom believes that only pasteurized milk is safe. The fact that people have been drinking raw milk throughout human history, and still drink it all over the world and in 20-some states, means nothing to them.”
3. Sell custom-slaughtered meat by the piece: “My position is that if meat [slaughtered outside the normal factory processes] is OK for people to eat, give away, or feed their children—which indicates that it is not an inherently hazardous product—we should have freedom to also sell it. The restrictions are on the commerce of it. The attitude is: The only thing that is safe to eat is something with a government stamp on it, unless you get it free. Exchange money, and it’s somehow not safe.”
Of course, some of the arguments of small-farming advocates are so irrational that they make my head spin. It's people like Dan Barber that make me skeptical of the whole movement.
Farm frenzy continues
Regardless of your basic positions on organic, agribusiness, etc., I think that the best farm policies will evolve in an environment without the market-distorting effects of special interest legislation. That said, ugh:
"We need to stand up to the special interests, bring Republicans and Democrats together, and pass the farm bill immediately," Barack Obama declared last November. It was a weird thing to say, since the farm bill, which subsidizes an arbitrarily chosen section of the economy at the expense of taxpayers and consumers in general, is special-interest legislation by definition.
Whole thing here.
Friday, May 09, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
#6 Battlestar Galactica
Suicide bombings, secret agents, a president who leads with religious faith, torture, biological warfare. Am I talking about 24? Love triangles, estranged fathers, secret adoptions, dead fiancées. Am I talking about Days of Our Lives? Actually, I’m talking about Battlestar Galactica on the SciFi Network. This remake of the 1970’s cult classic is one of the smartest shows on television. In this version, the Cylons, who look like humans, chase the last survivors of the attack on the human colonies across the universe while the humans look for a legendary home called Earth. Edward James Olmos plays Commander Adama and is a total badass. The show also features many strong female characters: the edgy, cigar-chomping antihero, Starbuck (Katee Sackhoff), the resolute President Roslin (Mary McDonnell), the evil but beguiling #6 (Tricia Helfer). By the way, #6 can take over my home planet any day. My favorite character is Dr. Gaius Baltar (James Callis), the brilliant but egocentric scientist who carries on a secret mental love affair with a cylon beauty.
The action sequences are terrific, especially for basic cable, and the romance and relationship drama make for good popcorn television. However, the real beauty of the show is the moral drama. The show is definitely not about something as simple as good humans versus evil robots. After some particularly jarring scenes, I am reminded, “Oh yeah, we’re not the good guys, we’re just humans.”
There’s a lot of drinking and smoking and cursing (Frak!). The whole series is pervaded by spirituality and metaphysiscs. Is there one God, or are there many? Can we change our destiny? What about sin, freedom, and community? Family ties are important, too. Commander Adama’s relationship with his son, Captain Lee Adama (Jamie Bamber) has many ups and downs. Anti-government themes explored include the tension between liberty and security, and the distinction between terrorism and freedom-fighting.
Thursday, May 08, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV Shows
There are a few sitcoms that everyone watched, and remained almost eternally enjoyable in syndication. Cheers was one of those sitcoms. Indeed, ask even the most casual consumers of pop culture can tell you al about Sam, Diane, Rebecca, Cliff, Norm, Coach, Woody, Carla, and Frasier. It claimed to be the place where everybody knows your name, but it was also the place where you know everybody’s names.
I take perverse Domer pride in pointing out that George Wendt (Norm) failed out of Notre Dame.
The show had a sports angle, as Sam was a retired relief pitcher, and everybody was drinking all the time, of course.
Dying Professor's lecture
I guess I'll get around to being the last blogger to post a link to the famous Last Lecture. It's about 12 minutes long, but very inspirational.
When I have to go into Whole Foods, I am suffocated by the feeling that I'm surrounded by a bunch of commie, pinko, hippie liberals. I feel like yellin pro-Bush slogans just to cheese them off. That said, my sister and mother like whole foods, too, and they're Christian neocons! My sister's interest in green conservatism prompted my previous post on organic foods. Anyway, I'm a fan of all things that fit the category of what I call "Purple America," that is, neither red nor blue, so here's an article on green conservatism that my sister likes. The article is by the "Crunchy Con," Rod Dreher. I was attracted to some of his writings because he has some Christian anarchist in him, but I am all too often disappointed by his reasoning. Still:
Earth Day is not my day, not really.
As both a conservative and an avid indoorsman, I've always seen it as a high holy day for hippies, Whole Foods devotees, spotted-owl fetishists and sundry crunchy-granola types who believe that "Think Globally, Act Locally" is the Eleventh Commandment.
But you know, I've got to wonder how much longer we on the right can justify an environmental philosophy that amounts to little more than sneering at liberal tree-huggers.
For one thing, whatever the self-righteous excesses of the environmentalist left, it is impossible to be true to traditional conservative values (to say nothing of the Christian faith conservatives like me profess) and hold laissez faire attitudes about the use and abuse of the natural world. And for another, have you noticed that, um, it's getting really warm in here?
I justified my hostility to environmentalists because of their alarmism, their stridency and even a narrow but toxic vein of misanthropy among their lot. What turned me around was reading Dominion, a book by former Bush speechwriter Matthew Scully, who made a conservative moral case for animal welfare.
Scully's critique rests on the classical virtue of piety — a term taken these days to mean religiosity but which, in its older usage, means a deep sense of reverence and humility as a fundamental stance to reality. In fact, piety toward nature is part of traditional conservatism's intellectual patrimony.
Russell Kirk and Richard Weaver, two founding fathers of modern American conservatism, hated the way industrial capitalism saw nature as merely a thing to be exploited. Weaver observed that we moderns "have allowed ourselves to be blinded by the insolence of material success [and] the animal desire to consume." He saw this as alienating us from nature and the foundations of a sustainable conservative order.
Kirk wrote: "In America, especially, we live beyond our means by consuming the portion of posterity, insatiably devouring minerals and forests and the very soil, lowering the water table, to gratify the appetites of the present tenants of the country." He demanded that Americans act with more self-discipline to honor "the future partners in our contract with eternal society."
A world with no limits
As it turns out, the ecological catastrophe Kirk feared that would be the consequence of our impiety appears not to be one of radically diminished resources, but of potentially catastrophic climate change. It comes from an arrogant refusal by a modern consumerist society to accept limits on its desires. Kirk's idea of the "eternal society" evaporates before the insatiable demands of the Everlasting Now.
No serious person can deny the overwhelming scientific evidence that the world's climate is changing dramatically for the worse. Conservative skeptics, however, argue that the science isn't clear enough to pinpoint the degree to which human activity is responsible. Even if that were true, given the staggering magnitude of the stakes, it is wildly imprudent to wait for a level of certainty that may never come, or come too late.
Tim Flannery, an Australian scientist and former global-warming skeptic, says there is no way to account for the temperature rise outside of human activity. In his book The Weather Makers, Flannery writes, "Skepticism is an indispensable element in scientific inquiry, but when the intention is to mislead rather than clarify, we have not skepticism but deceit."
There's much self-deceit about global warming among us conservatives. To take this stuff seriously would mean confronting the fact that we cannot continue living as we like. It would mean dealing like grown-ups with the real possibility that we are condemning future generations to excruciating hardship because we refuse our duty to stewardship.
A spiritual duty
For too long, conservatives have ceded political efforts to care for creation to liberals. We Christian conservatives are finally recognizing that conservation is a matter of moral and spiritual integrity. And we're learning that the challenge facing humankind from climate change dwarfs the narcissism of the usual left-right politics.
Politics, however, is the primary way to address a challenge to the commons this massive — and politics won't shift until our paradigm for thinking and talking about the environment does. The responsibility for that lies with open-minded and imaginative folks from both the liberal and conservative camps — men and women who care more about conserving the natural world and the human civilization dependent on it than they do about protecting their political purity and fundraising base.
Bottom line: When people like me start to believe Earth Day is for us, too, the earth will move under Washington's feet. But as long as cultural perceptions keep Earth Day a sectarian holiday for secular liberals, the pace of political change will be, alas, glacial.
Me, I'll just continue to sneer at liberal tree-huggers.
Organic food myths, continued
My sister wanted me to post the response to the Independent's article on organic food myths. Here are excerpts, with my rebuttals in bold.
Fact one: Organic farming is good for the environment
Organic farming is not perfect; it was only developed 60 years ago, and we still have much to learn. Agreed, so why don’t you work on it before you use the state to force it on everybody. Over those years, organic research has been starved of funding because most investment went first into developing pesticides and then into GM crops. The fruits of those investments are what is called “The Green Revolution,” which has produced an abundance of safe, healthy food, and represents one of the greatest achievements in human history. Organic farming was started by scientists and farmers who wanted to develop what we would now call a more sustainable way of producing food. Their main concern was with the link between healthy soils, healthy food and human health. However, those pioneers did create a farming system that has clear environmental benefits. Organic farming is better for wildlife on farms. The science is clear cut. Scientific literature reviews have found that, overall, organic farms have 30 per cent more wild species, and 50 per cent higher numbers of those species. Based on scientific research, the Government says that organic farming has clear environmental benefits – better for wildlife, lower pollution from sprays, produces fewer dangerous wastes and less carbon dioxide. The Sustainable Development Commission says that organic certification represents "the gold standard" for sustainable food production. I farmed non-organically for more than 30 years, and switched to organic, mainly to try to bring back wildlife on the farm. We have far more birds, and data on hares before and after switching to organic show numbers doubled from 20 to 40. This year we found 56.
Fact two: Organic farming is more sustainable
First of all, I wish someone would explain what “sustainable” means. Last week's article contained several errors – for example, the statement that organic tomatoes take double the amount of energy to produce is wrong, as were the figures for different types of tomato. The information on the climate change impact of organic food omitted one of the key benefits of organic farming: storing carbon in the soil. When this is included, the climate change impact of organic food goes down by between 12 and 80 per cent. Government-funded studies have shown that across a range of sectors, organic farming uses 26 per cent less energy than non-organic farming to produce the same amount of food, and the Government agrees that organic farming is better for climate change. If this is true, then the cost savings must be immense. Then, by all means, bring your foods to market at a lower cost, and we won’t have to worry about this whole argument.
Fact three: Organic farming doesn't use pesticides
We've never claimed this! Perhaps not, but I assure you that this is a very commonly held misconception. Hence a myth.
Fact four: Pesticide levels in conventional food are dangerous
I'd say certainly risky, and potentially dangerous. In the EU, one food item in 30 contains levels above European legal limits. Nearly 40 pesticides, which we were promised were safe, have been banned or withdrawn from use over the past decade. People who want to reduce their exposure to potentially harmful pesticides can buy organic food. A US study showed that within one day of switching to an organic diet no traces of pesticides could be found in children's urine. When the children switched back to a non-organic diet, pesticides were found immediately. We live longer, healthier lives than ever. Age-adjusted cancer rates are down. Still, ideologues declare harmless substances “risky,” lobby for them to be banned, then claim that the fact that they were banned is evidence that they were dangerous. This is pure sophistry.
Fact five: Organic farming is healthier
In terms of food safety, the Food Standards Agency says there is no difference between organic and non-organic food. Right, so it’s not healthier.
Fact six: Organic food contains more nutrients
Published research shows that, on average, organic food contains higher levels of vitamin C and essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron and chromium, as well as cancer-fighting antioxidants. Organic milk is naturally higher in Omega 3 fatty acids, Vitamin E, Vitamin A (beta-carotene) and some other antioxidants than non-organic milk. I’ve seen research that supports this, in some cases. Again, if you can provide a better product, then do it. Why do you need to cajole the rest of us into consuming something that you claim is cheaper, cleaner, more nutritious, and safer?
Tuesday, May 06, 2008
Do you like pictures of babies? Country music? Well, if you're like 50% of my readership, then you are my mother or sister, so yes. Enjoy.
Meet my Paladin
Friday, May 02, 2008
Organic food myths
From an article in the Independent that calls for sanity and reason when discussing food options.
Myth one: Organic farming is good for the environment
The study of Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) for the UK, sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, should concern anyone who buys organic. It shows that milk and dairy production is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). A litre of organic milk requires 80 per cent more land than conventional milk to produce, has 20 per cent greater global warming potential, releases 60 per cent more nutrients to water sources, and contributes 70 per cent more to acid rain.
Myth two: Organic farming is more sustainable
Organic potatoes use less energy in terms of fertiliser production, but need more fossil fuel for ploughing. A hectare of conventionally farmed land produces 2.5 times more potatoes than an organic one.
Myth three: Organic farming doesn't use pesticides
For example, organic farmers can treat fungal diseases with copper solutions. Unlike modern, biodegradable, pesticides copper stays toxic in the soil for ever. The organic insecticide rotenone (in derris) is highly neurotoxic to humans – exposure can cause Parkinson's disease. But none of these "natural" chemicals is a reason not to buy organic food; nor are the man-made chemicals used in conventional farming.
Myth four: Pesticide levels in conventional food are dangerous
The proponents of organic food – particularly celebrities, such as Gwyneth Paltrow, who have jumped on the organic bandwagon – say there is a "cocktail effect" of pesticides. Some point to an "epidemic of cancer". In fact, there is no epidemic of cancer. When age-standardised, cancer rates are falling dramatically and have been doing so for 50 years.
Myth five: Organic food is healthier
Large studies in Holland, Denmark and Austria found the food-poisoning bacterium Campylobacter in 100 per cent of organic chicken flocks but only a third of conventional flocks; equal rates of contamination with Salmonella (despite many organic flocks being vaccinated against it); and 72 per cent of organic chickens infected with parasites.
This high level of infection among organic chickens could cross-contaminate non-organic chickens processed on the same production lines. Organic farmers boast that their animals are not routinely treated with antibiotics or (for example) worming medicines. But, as a result, organic animals suffer more diseases. In 2006 an Austrian and Dutch study found that a quarter of organic pigs had pneumonia against 4 per cent of conventionally raised pigs; their piglets died twice as often.
Thursday, May 01, 2008
Tpotdomescandal's Top 10 TV shows
Theorizing that one could time travel within his own lifetime, Dr. Sam Beckett stepped into the Quantum Leap accelerator and vanished .... He awoke to find himself trapped in the past, facing mirror images that were not his own and driven by an unknown force to change history for the better. His only guide on this journey is Al, an observer from his own time, who appears in the form of a hologram that only Sam can see and hear. And so Dr. Beckett finds himself leaping from life to life, striving to put right what once went wrong and hoping each time that his next leap will be the leap home.
It still gives me chills. Quantum Leap was a fine example of episodic programming, in which each episode began and ended in a similar manner and told a similar type of story. I often prefer more complex structures in television, but Quantum Leap excelled because of its heart and its unique ability to completely change settings from week to week. The show’s great heart came off as genuine, rather than hokey. Part of the reason is that Scott Bakula’s Sam Beckett was believable in his heroism and innocence. You rooted for him to right what once went wrong. The structure of the show allowed Sam to be in a different era every episode (well, between 1958 and 1987). This added variety and increased its appeal, especially to nostalgic types who grew up in the 50s and 60s. The show could be funny, dramatic, or smart, but it was always about doing the right thing. In fact, like Futurama, Quantum Leap succeds as a sincere and intelligent scifi porogram precisely because it avoids the pretention and jargon of conventional scifi. The cigar-chomping skirt-chasing Al was a classic sidekick character.
The spiritual theme developed over time, and in the final seasons, there was a good deal of metaphysics. Righting what once went wrong explicitly took on a dimension of working to do God's will. There was even an anti-leaper working for the devil to make things wrong. All along, Al puffed his cigar.
If you're not familiar with the art of wikigroaning, quantum leap (scientific term) vs. Quantum Leap (television series), is a great example.
Friday, April 18, 2008
Tpotdomescandal’s Top 10 TV shows
You knew there would be cartoons on this list, right? Futurama, a brainchild of Matt Groening, is about a pizza delivery boy named Fry who is cryogenically preserved until he is revived in the year 3000 in New New York. In the future, he gets work as a … delivery boy, and travels the cosmos with his new companions: Bender, a drinking, smoking, cursing robot; Leela, a one-eyed mutant (yeah, but I’d still make out with her); Dr. Zoidberg, a crustacean/humanoid physician whose poverty is matched only by his loneliness; Professor Farnsworth, a 150+ year old mad scientist; Hermes, the Rastafarian accountant; and Amy, the token Asian. Is this a funny show? Is the Space Pope reptilian?
The series was consistently funny and well-written and featured likeable characters (can’t you tell by my descriptions?). Honorable mention goes to some other Adult Swim cartoons: Aqua Teen Hunger Force and the Venture Brothers.
There’s lots of smoking and drinking on the show, mostly by Bender. Bite my shiny metal ass!
Here’s a good review of the show as a work of science fiction.
Monday, April 14, 2008
Tpotdomescandal’s Top 10 TV Shows
#10: Big Love
Big Love is an HBO drama, currently between its second and third seasons. It has the two main characteristics of other critically-acclaimed pay cable dramas: terrific acting, and a view of the modern American suburban family represented by an extremely unusual and dysfunctional family.
Big Love is about a modern day polygamist, Bill (Bill Paxton), and his three wives, Barb (Jeanne Tripplehorn), Margene (Ginnifer Goodwin), and Nicki (Chloe Sevigny). The show features drama, action, comedy, and romance as Bill moves among his interconnected worlds. There’s his public persona as a normal (monogamous) successful Mormon businessman, there’s his relationship to a shadowy compound of breakaway Mormon fundamentalists, and his family life, which itself is partially compartmentalized. One of the striking realizations is that, regardless of religious upbringing or personal background, fans can’t help but root for this family, and root for it in it’s current form. Nicki is a terrific character who is manipulative, passive-aggressive, and compulsive, yet strangely likeable (to me, anyway).
Family is a major theme of the show. I especially like how the show ends up touching on the concerns of everyday families, even though Bill’s is anything but an everyday family. Spirituality is very important in the show, which features Mormons, breakaway polygamist sects led by creepy “prophets,” and a genuine, albeit strange theology that permeates the lives of Bill and his family. There’s plenty of skepticism of the government, from the full-on defiance of the polygamist compounds, to Bill’s attitude that he just wishes he and his family would be left alone.
Big Love homepage.
Tpotdomescandal’s Top 10 TV Shows
Over the next few weeks, I will be revealing my top 10 TV shows, starting at # 10 and ending with #1. I will include some information on the show and some reasons I like the show. I also plan to include some commentary on themes that I found to run through many of my favorite shows: family, drinking, spirituality, sports, smoking, and skepticism of government authority.